The Printer Roller Drum is an aluminum cylinder coated with a layer of non-toxic, organic-photo conductive (OPC) material. The OPC material becomes electrically conductive when exposed to light. During the printing process, a laser beam traverses the surface of the OPC drum and selectively discharges parts of the surface. It thereby composes a latent, electrostatic image on the drum. The developing process then changes the latent image into a visible image by depositing negatively charged toner particles on the exposed areas of the drum. Hence the quality of the surface of the OPC drum is a significant determinant of print quality.
Effects of Uncontrolled Humidity
The OPC drum is the most expensive part of the toner cartridge and drives the entire print process. Extreme temperature and humidity changes/deteriorates the surface coating of the OPC drum.
Dip coating is generally employed for the manufacture of drums. Presence of humidity affects the thickness and non-uniformity of the charge transport layer results in non-uniform photo sensitivity.
Causes of Uncontrolled Humidity
A black coloured moisture repellent polythene is used in packaging of printer drum.
The moisture present in the production and packaging is the main factor contributing to the defects as it contain components that are sensitive to light, temperature, and humidity. Along with the ambient conditions, presence of humans also contribute a much to atmospheric moisture, as human breath do contain a considerable part of moisture in them.
Dew point to be maintained is -30ºC at room temperature.
Bry-Air’s recommendation is to install a Bry-Air Desiccant Dehumidifier, since they are capable of maintaining dew point as low as -60ºC, regardless of ambient conditions and thus maintain the ideal environment conditions required for uniform coating of roller drums during dip coating.
Our Airgineers Can Help You Select The Right Product!
Excess moisture adversely affects the OPC drum in toner cartridges, causing deterioration of the surface coating and impacting the charge transport layer’s thickness and uniformity, leading to compromised photo sensitivity.