In powder coating areas, high humidity causes improper particle deposition, irregular film thickness, operational problems in spray guns, caking or agglomeration (clustering) of the powder particles and has a measurable negative effect on powder resistivity. In severe cases, powders exposed to high humidity, cannot deposit at all.
Relative Humidity in Powder Coating Areas should be maintain 40+5% RH at 24+5ºC.
Powder Coating have opened a new horizon in the product finishing industry all over the world providing the user improvements in coating quality, efficiency and economy. Powder coating permits the paining of objects by spraying a dry product with no solvent, thereby avoiding pollution of the water or the atmosphere. From an economical standpoint, overspray or excess powder can be reclaimed through a recovery system and reused.
Efficiency and reliability of Powder Coating is mainly a function of the compulsory control of the interactions between the product to be applied i.e. its chemical composition and the various elements e.g. charge decay of the equipment operating under the surrounding conditions of the application. Relative Humidity and temperature directly affect the practical application achieved. However, in most powder coating spraying facilities, these surrounding conditions are not controlled.
Humidity has a direct relationship with ion charge decay, particle deposition, regularity of deposited thickness, adjustments required of the operating conditions of the spray guns, caking or agglomeration (clustering) of the powder particles and have a measurable negative effect on powder resistivity. High humidity may cause the powder particles to stick to the corona electrode and thus quench the corona. In severe cases, powders have been exposed to high humidity, cannot deposit at all.
Utilization of Bry-Air Dehumidifiers and environmental systems accomplishes complete control over both relative humidity and temperature within the powder spray booth area and often the entire coating room.
The advantages stem from two basic points :
Upto 15% less powder is required – due to uniform control of film thickness and reduced losses from powder coating build-up and agglomerates.
Increased control over film thickness – by controlling the electrostatic field more precisely, the ability to coat the target more uniformly is achieved (particle deposition coupled with long term ion decay).
Increased system fluidising – the recovery system works nearer its peak performance level due to reduced powder build-up in the duct, filter and tubing.
Reduced Agglomeration – dehumidified air reduces the powder’s ability to adhere to the inside surfaces.
Reduced spray gun build-up – a noticeable, marked improvement in quality.