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Confectionery Manufacturing

Confectionery Manufacturing - Importance Of Moisture & Humidity Control


Confectionery Manufacturing

Importance Of Moisture & Humidity Control

All sweet things should come to a sticky end ideally in the mouth. Moisture however plays spoilsport midway ruining the texture and making confectionery items soggy and visually unappealing. All this arises, because confectionery items – chocolates, hard candies, chewing gums, bubble gums, sweets, toffees, etc., are rich in sugar and hence are hygroscopic. When the humidity is high, confectionery items regain moisture and become sticky and prone to mould formation.

Moisture problem during processing and Packaging of confectionery items:

Some typical problems of moisture include bloom in chocolates. Bloom is nothing but fat and sugar crystals that rises to the surface if the chocolate absorbs moisture during packaging. Moisture also inhibits the natural flow, as material sticks to the high speed processing and packaging machinery and also to the wrapping material. The processing thus slows down and moisture creates problem of hygiene, resulting in loss of production as well as loss in the final product quality.

Uncontrolled humidity/moisture during the manufacturing and coating process of confectionery (chocolates, candies, sweet snacks) is responsible for :

  • Change in the structure/dimension of the film core interface.
  • Grainy and irregular coating.
  • Increase in residual moisture content and improper adhesion i.e. degradation of coating quality in the presence of moisture.
  • Sugar bloom and change in flavor.

Moisture Problem in Cookies and Biscuits Storage

Due to the highly hygroscopic nature of all biscuits when exposed to moisture even for a short while, they lose their crispness. Although the quality is not affected, they become soggy and rubbery and in general not very appetizing.

During manufacturing, the biscuits are at high temperature when they come out of oven process. However, they need to be cooled before being packed. For this they are stored in hot rooms where the temperature is around 40-50° C. At this particular moment they tend to regain moisture. Therefore, it becomes essential that humidity in the ‘Hot Room‘ be controlled so that biscuits does not gain moisture from its surroundings.

Moisture Problems in Candy Coating, packaging and storage :

Two of the basic ingredients in candy i.e. sucrose and corn syrup are highly hygroscopic in nature, which makes candy sticky, runny or moldy, when exposed to humid conditions. This inhibits natural flow as it sticks to high speed processing and packaging machinery and wrapping material, making the process slow and creating hygiene problems.

Humid conditions also effects storage life of candies. Most candies are stored between one week to about a year between manufacture and consumption. During this long period candies can become stale and sticky if not kept under proper conditions. It is important that a candy does not lose its quality and flavor during storage time. Any coated candy like gumballs or chocolate covered nuts can benefit from using dry air to speed drying, as high temperatures would melt the product. Coated candies or chocolates with a high quality gloss surface finish can only be obtained with the aid of dry air from desiccant dehumidifiers.

Temperature and Humidity requirements for various confectionary items :

Items Temperature In °Celsius Humidity (%)
Hard Candy Packaging 21-24 35
Caramel Manufacturing / Packaging 21-27 30-35
Hard Candy Storage (Packaged) 10-21 40
Biscuit / Cookie Storage 18-24 25-35
Candy Tablet Manufacturing / Storage 18 40
Chocolate Coating 18-24 40-45
Chocolate Storage -18-(-1) 40
Chocolate Covered Peanuts 18-(-20) 40-45
Confectionery – Chocolate Covering 21-32 45-40
Confectionery (Mogul Cooling) 16-18 20-30
Chocolate Manufacturing 32 13

The Bry-Air Solution

The solution lies in maintaining required stringent conditions of temperature and humidity in the processing, packaging and storage areas for candies and confectionaries items with dry air.

Bry-Air Dehumidifiers that lower the moisture content of the surrounding air maintaining RH as low as 1% at a constant level regardless of the ambient conditions during the production, storage and packing help to improve the quality and retain the freshness of the chocolates and other confectionery longer.

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